Paraphrasing techniques

Polivy, J. Sociocultural idealization of thin female body shapes: An introduction to the special issue on body image and eating disorders. Tips on Paraphrasing Paraphrasing can be tricky. You need to make sure that you don't copy the original author's style or wording.

Even if you have a citation, such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Paraphrases should sound like you, using vocabulary and sentence structures that your reader would recognize as your work.

To make sure you are not plagiarizing unintentionally, think about and jot down the source's main points. Then, write your paraphrase without looking at the original.

When you have finished, compare your paraphrase with the original: Have you simply changed a few words to synonyms? Try again. Being handy with a thesaurus is not enough to make the sentence yours. Have you included exact sequences of words from the original?

If so, make sure to put quotation marks around those phrases, or re-write until the entire paraphrase is your words. Have you retained the meaning of the original? Changing the author's meaning is not plagiarism, but academic honesty requires you to represent other's work accurately in your writing.

Here's an example of a good paraphrase from Mizuki's paper: Original To the extent that a woman's self-image is challenged or threatened by an unattainable ideal of an impossibly thin female physique, she may well become susceptible to disruption of her self-regard, and may be more likely to develop an eating disorder.Remember that these techniques should only be used once you have ensured you fully understood the text; do not try to paraphrase a text you have not understood.

Be careful when using synonyms. Many words have several meanings, depending on contextand you have to think about the synonym which expresses the right meaning for the particular context.

In the first paraphrase a verb has been replaced with a noun from the same word family. In the second an adjective has been replaced by a noun. Note that successful paraphrasing requires the use of multiple techniques each time. It is not sufficient to simply replace the keywords with synonyms and in fact this is a common mistake among students learning to paraphrase.

Changing the structure of the sentence is also important to fit the sentence into your paragraph effectively. Learn how to use English for study at university or college and develop your writing skills, vocabulary and grammar. Included in Unlimited. Prepare to study at university, explore the qualities of a successful student, and learn key vocabulary in an academic context. Develop your English for use in different everyday situations and build more confidence in your listening skills.

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paraphrasing techniques

Techniques for paraphrasing. Here are some techniques to use when paraphrasing. Changing the form of words In the first paraphrase a verb has been replaced with a noun from the same word family. More courses you might like Learners who joined this course have also enjoyed these courses. Find out more. Part of a degree. Coventry University. English for Academic Study.

How to write a good essay: Paraphrasing the question

King's College London. Basic English 2: Pre-Intermediate. View all courses. Contact FutureLearn for Support.Paraphrasing is an important skill for academic writing, and yet it is very often misunderstood. You will notice that this example uses very few of the same words as the original quotation i.

However, it might be difficult for the reader to understand. When engaging in this conversation, they caution that writers must read carefully in order to ensure that they both understand, and provide fair consideration to, the ideas of others. Rather than being about wordsparaphrasing is about ideas. Instead of focusing on replacing specific words in a quotation, it is more helpful when paraphrasing to think deeply about the ideas that the original author is explaining.

Step 1: Read a paragraph from an article that you find interesting or that you are using to write a paper.

paraphrasing techniques

Step 2: Make notes to yourself about the most important idea or ideas presented in the paragraph make these notes in point form, rather than in sentences. Step 3: Put the article away and, using only your point-form notes, explain the most important idea s to someone else. On this page Techniques for paraphrasing Getting started Effective paraphrasing. Remember that when you paraphrase, you must change both the words and sentence structures from the original source.

5 Paraphrasing Techniques with Examples

You, therefore, do not use quotation marks but you must still include citation information to point your reader to the source of the original idea. Owned by: Julia Lane.Date published April 18, by Courtney Gahan. Date updated: October 31, To paraphrase a source, you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. You also have to be careful not to use wording that is too similar to the original.

Otherwise, you could be at risk of committing plagiarism. Table of contents How to paraphrase in five steps Paraphrasing tips How to cite a paraphrase Paraphrasing vs. The five steps to paraphrasing may seem straightforward, but writing an idea in a different way than the published version can be difficult.

These are four tricks you can apply to help you do so. In the example, you can see that we started by introducing the context the hearing followed by the last part of the original sentence: the expectations of creators, regulators and users. In fact, the key pieces of information are mentioned in a completely different order.

For example, if the sentence was originally in the active voice, change it to passive. The active voice is when a sentence is led by the subject the thing doing the action. When the object the thing receiving the action leads the sentence, that sentence is written in the passive voice. In this example, technology is the subject; the expectations of creators, regulators and users are the object.

The original quote was written in the active voice, while the paraphrase uses the passive voice. Although paraphrasing will usually result in a word count roughly the same as an original quote, you may be able to play with the number of sentences to make the text different. In this example, one long sentence was broken into two. The opposite could also be the case, i.

Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Once you have your perfectly paraphrased text, you need to ensure you credit the original author. No matter what citation style you use, you always paraphrase in the same way. The only thing that is different is the in-text citation. If you complete thorough research and take notes on the sources you read, you will naturally end up paraphrasing most of the important information you find rather than using direct quotes.

It is wise to limit the number of direct quotes in your paper because:. When you completely or partially describe the outcome of a more substantial part of the research, it is called a summary. There is a distinct difference between paraphrasing and summarizing.

However, in general as is the case in many universitiesboth are often referred to as paraphrasing.

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Why summarize? While paraphrasing and quoting are ideal if you wish to focus on one section of a research article, summarizing is a useful tool if you find the entire source relevant and interesting.

When paraphrasing, you have to be careful to avoid accidental plagiarism. This can happen if the paraphrase is too similar to the original quote, with phrases or whole sentences that are identical and should therefore be in quotation marks.

It can also happen if you fail to properly cite the source of the paraphrase.It can be easy to spot when someone has copied directly from a textbook. We all have different styles of writing and yours will be different to the authors you are reading.

Paraphrase Rephrasing or restating information from another source in your own words without changing the meaning. Usually shorter than the original passage. Much shorter than the original text. The most common improvement strategy is upgrading management.

Modern mythology promises that organisations will work splendidly if well managed. Unfortunately, they have not always been equal to the task, even when armed with computers, information systems, flowcharts, quality programs, and a panoply of other tools and techniques.

Learning Hub

They go forth with this rational arsenal to try and tame our wild and primitive workplaces. Yet in the end, irrational forces too often prevail. You are probably already familiar with spellchecker and grammar checker in Microsoft Word.

paraphrasing techniques

Another beneficial tool is the thesaurus, which can aid your writing to find the best word to meet your needs. Using the thesaurus, you can look up synonyms different words with the same meaning and antonyms words with the opposite meaning. The following screencast demonstrates how to use the thesaurus function in Word. Further paraphrasing tips from Queensland University of Technology.

Writing skills Grammar Apostrophes Linking words Cautious language Paraphrasing, summarising and techniques Developing arguments Writing paragraphs.

How to paraphrase To paraphrase, you need to: change the structure of the sentence change the words in the sentence. Changing the structure of a sentence Read the original text a number of times and make sure you understand the main ideas. Write down the main ideas from memory.

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Check what you have written against the original text — make sure you have retained the original ideas and that your version is different. Changing the words It can be easy to spot when someone has copied directly from a textbook.

Once you understand the main ideas of the original text look for specialised words — these words may be retained in the paraphrased version, as they are key to the meaning of the sentence. Look for words or phrases that can be changed. Use a thesaurus or dictionary to find substitutes. Always acknowledge the original author when using a paraphrase or summary. Original The most common improvement strategy is upgrading management. Word thesaurus You are probably already familiar with spellchecker and grammar checker in Microsoft Word.

Write down your ideas without looking at the original. Use synonyms or change the word order of your sentence. Compare with the original to see whether you are conveying the same meaning.

Plagiarism in Research

Note down the source so you can easily cite it later. Change vocabulary by using synonyms. Change word class. Change word order. Learning Hub.Date published April 18, by Courtney Gahan. Date updated: October 31, To paraphrase a source, you have to rewrite a passage without changing the meaning of the original text. You also have to be careful not to use wording that is too similar to the original. Otherwise, you could be at risk of committing plagiarism. Table of contents How to paraphrase in five steps Paraphrasing tips How to cite a paraphrase Paraphrasing vs.

The five steps to paraphrasing may seem straightforward, but writing an idea in a different way than the published version can be difficult. These are four tricks you can apply to help you do so. In the example, you can see that we started by introducing the context the hearing followed by the last part of the original sentence: the expectations of creators, regulators and users.

In fact, the key pieces of information are mentioned in a completely different order. For example, if the sentence was originally in the active voice, change it to passive. The active voice is when a sentence is led by the subject the thing doing the action.

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When the object the thing receiving the action leads the sentence, that sentence is written in the passive voice. In this example, technology is the subject; the expectations of creators, regulators and users are the object. The original quote was written in the active voice, while the paraphrase uses the passive voice. Although paraphrasing will usually result in a word count roughly the same as an original quote, you may be able to play with the number of sentences to make the text different.

In this example, one long sentence was broken into two. The opposite could also be the case, i. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Once you have your perfectly paraphrased text, you need to ensure you credit the original author. No matter what citation style you use, you always paraphrase in the same way. The only thing that is different is the in-text citation. If you complete thorough research and take notes on the sources you read, you will naturally end up paraphrasing most of the important information you find rather than using direct quotes.By continuing to use the Playbuzz Platform, you agree to the use of cookies.

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paraphrasing techniques

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7 Secrets of the Paraphrasing Techniques

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